By Alek. Bungalow. Published at Wednesday, May 24th, 2017 - 20:31:29 PM.
The origin of the bungalow has its roots in the Indian province of Bengal. There, the common native dwelling and the geographic area both had the same root word, bangla or bangala. Eighteenth century huts of one story with thatched roofs were adapted by the British, who used them as houses for colonial administrators in summer retreats in the Himalayas and in compounds outside Indian cities. Also taking inspiration from the army tent, the English cottage, and sources as exotic as the Persian verandah, early bungalow designers clustered dining rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and bathrooms around central living rooms and, thereby, created the essential floor plan of the bungalow, leaving only a few refinements to be worked out by later designers.
In the rural areas of Bangladesh (the region which Bungalows are named after), this is often called Bangla Ghor (Bengali Style House). The Bungalow-style homes are still very popular in the rural Bengal. The main construction material used in modern time is corrugated steel sheets. Previously they had been constructed from wood, bamboo and a kind of straw called Khar. Khar was used in the roof of the Bungalow and kept the house cooler during hot summer days. Another roofing material for Bungalow houses has been red clay tiles.
The term ultimate bungalow was popularized by its use as a chapter title in the 1977 book Greene & Greene, Architecture as a Fine Art by Randall Makinson. The houses discussed in the chapter were the Greenes Robert Blacker, David Gamble, Charles Pratt, Freeman Ford, William Thorsen, Earle C. Anthony, Dr. Crow, Willam Spinks, and William Lawless residences.
The term was first found in English from 1696, where it was used to describe bungales or hovells in India for English sailors of the East India Company. Later it became used for the spacious homes or official lodgings of officials of the British India, and was so known in Britain and later America, where it initially had high status and exotic connotations.
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